A Basic Martial Arts Forms Cross Reference

The underlying reason I have created this cross-reference is for a better understanding of the forms we are taught. It is my belief that to have a though understanding of your form, I feel that you need to know its structure, technique, hidden techniques, and meaning. In addition, you need to know its history, where it came from, where it�s been, its different names and meanings, and its physical differences. The knowledge of the differences will give you, the final piece in form knowledge, the why and how to change a form. The basic reasons for changing a form are

  1. Environment (Coastal plains, Beach, Mountains, City, etc.)
  2. Social (taboos against certain moves, style of dress, or just how an average person moves, Philosophical)
  3. Body Types (If, for example, a form was developed for an average body type of 5'4" medium build, how would it be changed for 6'+ sight build?)
  4. Evolution (Changes that could include the first two, but may also include handling the development of New Weapons and Skills)

I am firmly convinced the old masters took this into consideration, with each generation of the form. I am, most assuredly NOT saying that the most recent form is better than all other versions. I consider all versions to be equally valuable for a multitude of reasons.

 

In this Cross Reference I'm not including a majority of the Chinese forms at this time, for space considerations, and I am focusing on the China / Okinawa / Japan / Korea link (with Emphasis on Korea). I am also excluding those forms that are primarily Weapons Forms.

Note: On my cross references, I do fully, where possible, match form to form between the various styles. Most styles will alter forms in either minor or major ways, but the telling basic structure should still be there. If I have a comparison that is over 70 %, I will believe I have the same form.

Note 2: I fully recognize that I may have errors, or am missing information. This is a work in progress. Fell free to e-mail me or leave messages in the guest book. Be forewarned though that any form information sent by this method, may and probably will be imported into this website.


This first table contains the forms that are most generally attributed to basic training (up to 2nd Dan) or common usage between styles. Where connected clicking on the form name will bring up more detail.

 

Korean (Tang Soo Do)

Japanese

Okinawan

Chinese

Basic Name Translation

Base

Kee Cho Hyung

Taikoku

Kihon

 

Basic Form

Shorin-Ryu

 

   Kee Cho Hyung Il Bu

   Taikoku Shodan

   Kihon Kata Ichi

 

Basic Form 1st

 

 

   Kee Cho Hyung Ee Bu

   Taikoku Nidan

   Kihon Kata Ni

 

Basic Form 2nd

 

 

   Kee Cho Hyung Sam Bu

   Taikoku Sandan

   Kihon Kata Sa

 

Basic Form 3rd

 

Pyung Ahn

Heian

Pinan

Chiang-Nan

Peaceful Mind

Shuri-te -> Shorin

 

   Pyung Ahn Cho Dan

   Heian Shodan

   Pinan Nidan

 

Peaceful Mind 1st

 

 

   Pyung Ahn Ee Dan

   Heian Nidan

   Pinan Shodan

 

Peaceful Mind 2nd

 

 

   Pyung Ahn Sam Dan

   Heian Sandan

   Pinan Sandan

 

Peaceful Mind 3rd

 

 

   Pyung Ahn Sa Dan

   Heian Sadan

   Pinan Sadan

 

Peaceful Mind 4th

 

 

   Pyung Ahn Oe Dan

   Heian Godan

   Pinan Godan

 

Peaceful Mind 5th

 

Bassai (Pal Che, Palsek)

Bassai

Passai

Patsai

Breaking Through the fortress

Shuri-te -> Shorin & Tomari-Te

 

   Bassai So

   Bassai So

   Patsai Sho

 

Lesser

 

 

   Bassai Tae

   Bassai Dai

   Patsai Dai

 

Greater

 

Tjin Tae

Shoin (Chin Te)

Chin Te

Chin-Tei

Small Hands

Shuri-te -> Shorin

Nai Ahn Chi (Chul Ghi)

Tekki

Nai Han Chi (Naihanchin / Naifaunchi / Naihanshi)

Nai Fuan Chin

Iron Horse.

Shuri-te -> Shorei (Shuri-Te, Tomari-Te)

 

   Nai Ahn Chi Cho Dan

   Tekki Shodan

   Nai Ahn Chi Shodan

 

Iron Horse 1st.

 

 

   Nai Ahn Chi Ee Dan

   Tekki Nidan

   Nai Ahn Chi Nidan

 

Iron Horse 2nd.

 

 

   Nai Ahn Chi Sam Dan

   Tekki Sandan

   Nai Ahn Chi Sandan

 

Iron Horse 3rd.

 

Oh Sip Sa Bo

Gojushiho

Useishi (Gojushiho / Ouseushi)

 

54 steps

Shuri-Te

 

   Oh Sip Sa Bo Cho

Goju Shiho Sho

  Useishi So

 

Lesser

 

 

   Oh Sip Sa Bo Dae

Goju Shiho Dai

   Useishi Dai

 

Greater

 

Tjin Tto (Tjin Do / Jin Do / Jin Dong / Jin Dwe)

GanKaku (Gunkuku)

Chin Do, Chinto

Chintou

Crane on a Rock

Shuri-te (Shuri-Te, Tomari-Te)

Sang Gook Kwan

?

?

?

Snake Form... Ultimate Fist? Sul Who Won Tae Lang?

 

Rohaee (Ro Pae / Ro Hi / Lo Hi)

Meikyo

Rohai (Lorei)

 

Vision of a White Heron (bright mirror)

Tomari-Te (Shuri-Te, Tomari-Te)

 


This second table contains the forms that are most generally attributed to advanced training (past 2nd Dan). There will be some unique (style) usage forms here.

 

Korean (Tang Soo Do)

Japanese

Okinawan

Chinese

Basic Name Translation

Base

Ssi Syan (Ban Wol / Shi Shan)

Hangetsu

Seishan (Sesan / Seisan / Sechin)

 

Thirteen Hands

Shuri-te & Naha-Te -> Shorei-ryu

Bae Rin Bba

Suparinpe (Suparimpi, Hyakuhachiho)

Pechurin (Pachurin, Suparinpe, Suparinpa)

 

The final 108 Hands

Snake Form Kung Fu -> Naha-Te

Dam Toi

Tensho

Tensho

Based on RokKushu  

Change Grips - Heaven's Breath

White Crane Naha-Te Goju (1916)

Ee Sip Sa Bo

Nijushiro (Nan Dan Sho)

Neiseishi (Niseichi / Niseishi)

 

24 Step

Naha-Te   Shorin                Shito Ryu -> Shotokan (Tomari-Te)

Eun Bee (Aem Pi, Yonbe)

Empi

Wanshu (Wansu)

 

Flying Swallow

Tomari-Te (Shuri-Te, Tomari-Te)

Goo Reung Hoo Ah

Kururunfa

Kururunfa (Kururunfua / Kururumfa)

 

Seventeen

Naha-Te

Hakko (So-Jin)

Sochin

Sochin

 

Immovable

Naha-Te (Tomari-Te)

Jaon (Tji Ong / Jah Oon)

Jion

Jion (Join Ji)

 

Temple Sound.

Shuri-Te -> Shorei-ryu (Shuri-Te, Tomari-Te)

Sip Soo (Jinte / Jin Thwe / Jit Dae)

Jutte

Jittie (Jute / Jitti)

 

10 Hands

Shuri-Te & Tomari-Te (Shuri-Te, Tomari-Te)

Jun Jang

Jung Jang

Jung Jang

?

Len Losik gave this form name and breakout, but it's unknown to me

?

Kong Sang Koon (Kong San Gun / Kong San Kung)

Kanku

Kushanku (Kosoku / Kusanku)

 

Viewing the Sky

Shuri-Te -> Shorin

 

   Kong Sang Koon So

 

   Kosoku Sho, Kusanku Sho

 

Lesser Form

 

 

   Kong Sang Koon Dae

 

   Kosoku Dai, Kusanku Dai

 

Greater Form

 

Sai Hoo Ah (Sae Pa)

Saifa

Saiha (Saifua)

 

The Final Breaking Point

Naha-Te

Seiunchin (Seienchin)

Seenchin (Seinuchin / Seichin / Seiyonshin / Seyouchin)

 

Lull in the storm

Naha-Te

Tsan Tjin (Sam Jin)

Sanchin

Sanchin

Saamchin

Three Battle

Dragon form Kung Fu-->Naha-Te    /      White Crane Base Form      /    Chi Gung

Sip Pal

Sepai

Seipai (Seipa / Sepai)

 

Eighteen Hands

Naha-Te

Ssan Ssi Bbai

Sanseiru

Sanseiru (Sanseru / Sanseryu)

 

Thirty-Six Hands.

Naha-Te

Tjin (Jah Won)

Jiin

Jiin

 

A Temple Ground Named after a Saint

Naha-Te (Shuri-Te, Tomari-Te)

Wunsu

Unsu

Unsu (Unshu, Yansa)

 

Hands of a cloud

Naha-Te -> Shorin     Shito Ryu -> Shotokan (Tomari-Te)

Ssi Boai

Shisochin

Shisochin (Shisochin / Sisounchin / Chisochin, Shisoochin)

 

Forty Seven Hands

Naha-Te

Woon Su

Woon Su

Woon Su

 

Royal Court Form

 

Yo Se Geuk Pa Dae

Geliasi Dai

Geliasi Dai

 

To Destroy or Demolish

Naha-Te Goju (1944)

 

   Yo Se Geuk Pa Dae Il

   Geliasi Dai Ichi

   Geliasi Dai Ichi

 

To Destroy or Demolish 1st

 

 

   Yo Se Geuk Pa Dae Ee

   Geliasi Dai Nai

   Geliasi Dai Nai

 

To Destroy or Demolish 2nd

 

So Rim Jahng Kwan (Jang Kwon)

WanKu

Wanku (Wankan / Okan)

Chang Quan

Kings Crown.... Northern Shaolin Long fist (Losik for Wanku)

Northern Shaolin

Tomari-Te -> Shorin (Shuri-Te, Tomari-Te)

Tae Guk Kwon

 

 

Tai Chi Chuan

Grand Ultimate Fist

 

 

Ananku

Ananku

 

Peace from the south

Tomari-Te

 

 

Wanduan

 

Ryukyu�s Greatest Fighting King

 

 

 

 

Anan

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aram

 

 

 

 

 

Gopei-Sho

 

 

Peacock Form

 

 

 

Kanshiwa

 

 

Uechi Ryu style created by Master Kanei Uechi

 

 

Konchin

 

 

Uechi Ryu style created by Master Kanei Uechi

 

 

Seirui

 

 

Uechi Ryu style created by Master Kanei Uechi

 

 

Matsukaze

Wankuan

 

Pine Tree Wind

 

 

 

Aoyanagi

Aoyagi

 

Green Will

 

 

 

Hachuko

Hafa

 

White Swan / 100 Birds

 

 

 

 

Nanshu

 

Southern Hand

 

 

 

 

Hakutsura

 

White Crane

Shaolin Form

 

 

Nipapo

Nipipo

 

28 Steps

 

 

 

Papuren

Pipuren

 

8 Steps at a time

 

 

 

 

Ryusho

 

Dragon Hand

 

 

 

 

Ryuho

 

Dragon Walk

 

 Tae Ji Hyul (Dae Ji Hyul / Tae Ji Heyul)

 

 

 

 

Finding the vital points of the earth

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


This third table contains the recent Soo Bahk Do / Tae Kwon Do forms and those which are most unique to Korea.

 

Korean (Tang Soo Do)

Name Meaning

Creation Date

Created By

Chil San (Chil Sung / Chul San)

Seven Stars (the Big Dipper) and Seven Spiritual Ways. High level patterns based on interpreting the 'kwonbop' pattern described in the Muye Tobo T'ongji

 

Hwang Kee

   Chil San Ilro

Seven Stars 1st

 

Hwang Kee

   Chil San Eero

Seven Stars 2nd

 

Hwang Kee

   Chil San Samro

Seven Stars 3rd

 

Hwang Kee

   Chil San Saro

Seven Stars 4th

 

Hwang Kee

   Chil San Oero

Seven Stars 5th

 

Hwang Kee

   Chil San

Seven Stars 6th

 

Hwang Kee

   Chil San

Seven Stars 7th

 

Hwang Kee

Byun Soo Shin

 

 

 

Bon Kook

 

 

 

Bbi Bbi Ya

 

 

 

   Bbi Bbi Ya Cho Dan

 

 

 

   Bbi Bbi Ya Ee Dan

 

 

 

   Bbi Bbi Ya Sam Dan

 

 

 

Chung Yu (Ssai Ryu)

 

 

 

Dae Soo

 

 

 

Hae San

 

 

 

Hwa Sun

Pure Flower. (Hwa - Flower, Sun - Pure or Hermit)

 

Hwang Kee

Joong Sip Soo

 

 

 

Sa Doo Jang

 

 

 

   Sa Doo Jang Cho Dan

 

 

 

   Sa Doo Jang Ee Dan

 

 

 

   Sa Doo Jang Sam Dan

 

 

 

Ship Dan Khum

10 level forms

 

Hwang Kee

Tae Pyung

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yuk Ro

Entering the Discipline of Yuk Ro (Yuk - 6 / Ro Path) Six Paths

 

Hwang Kee

   Yuk Ro Cho Dan

Top Gate, was named "Du Man"

 

Hwang Kee

   Yuk Ro Ee Dan

Middle Cutting, was named "Jang Jil Hyung"

 

Hwang Kee

   Yuk Ro Sam Dan

Embracing Moon, was named "Pul Wol Do"

 

Hwang Kee

   Yuk Ro Sa Dan

 

 

Hwang Kee

   Yuk Ro Oe Dan

 

 

Hwang Kee

   Yuk Ro

 

 

Hwang Kee

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Korean Tae Kwon Do

Name Meaning

Creation Date

Created By

Choong Jung EE-Jahng

ATA

 

ATA

Choong Jung IL-Jahng

ATA

 

ATA

In Wha EE-Jhang

ATA

 

ATA

In Wha IL-Jhang

ATA

 

ATA

Songahm EE-Jahng

ATA

 

ATA

Songahm IL-Jahng

ATA

 

ATA

Songahm OH-Jahng

ATA

 

ATA

Songahm SAH-Jahng

ATA

 

ATA

Songahm SAHM-Jahng

ATA

 

ATA

Chang Han

ITF - Tae Kwon Do form group Name by Choi Hong-hi, translates to Blue cottage. It is the pseudonym of Choi Hong Hi.

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Ch'oi-Young (Choi-Yong)

ITF � (18) Named after General Choi Yong in 14th century (Koryo Dynasty). General Choi Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty, patriotism, and humility. His subordinate commanders under the command of General Yi Sung Gae executed him. General Yi Sung Gae later became the first king of the Lee Dynasty.

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Chon Hi (Chon-Ji)

ITF � (1) The Heaven The Earth. This is translated as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history. As such it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts and complementary parts. One part represents the Heaven and the other the Earth.

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Ch'un Jang (Choong-Jang)

ITF � (14) The Pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang 14 century (Lee Dynasty). This pattern ends with a left- hand attack to symbolizing the tragedy of his death at the young age of 27 in prison.

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Chung-Gun (Joong-Gun)

ITF � (6) Named after patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro Bumi Ito the first Japanese Governor general of Korea (responsible in part for the Korea- Japan merger). There are 32 movements in this pattern representing Mr. Ahn�s age when he was executed at Lui-Shung prison in 1910.

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Chung-Mu (Choong-Moo)

ITF � (9) The name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Lee Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armored battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason why this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king.

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Eui-Am

ITF � Pseudonym of Son Byong Hi leader of the Korean Independence Movement on March1, 1919. The 45 movements indicate his age when he changed the name of Dong Hak (Oriental Culture) to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly Way Religion) in 1905. The diagram (I) represents his indomitable spirit, displayed while dedicating himself to the prosperity of his nation.

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Juche

ITF � Philosophical Idea that man is the master of everything and decides everything (master of his own destiny). It is believed that this idea was rooted in Baekdu Mountain, which symbolizes the spirit of the Korean people. The diagram (&) represents Baekdu Mountain.

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Kae-Baek (Ge-Baek)

ITF � (12) Named after Ge-Baek a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660 AD).The diagram ( I ) representing his severe and strict military discipline.

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Ki-Cho 1

ITF � Basic Form

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Ko-Dang

ITF � (17) Pseudonym of patriot Cho Man Sik, who dedicated his life to secession and to education of his nation. The 39 movements are the number of his imprisonments, and the latitude of his birthplace.

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Kwang-Gae

ITF � (10) Named after Kwang-Gae-Toh-Wang the 19th king of the Koguryu Dynasty. He regained all lost territories and part of Manchuria. The diagram (+) represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory. The 39 movements are referring to the first two figures of 391 A.D., the year he came to the throne.

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Moon-Moo

ITF � Honors the 30th King of the Silla. His body was buried near Dae Wang Am (Great King�s Rock). According to his will, the body was placed in the sea "Where my soul shall forever defend my land against the Japanese." It is said that the Sok Gul Am (Stone Cave) was built to guard his tomb. The Sok Gul Am is a fine example of the culture of the Silla Dynasty. The 61 movements in this pattern symbolize the last two figures of 661 A.D. when Moon Moo came to the throne.

 

ITF Gen. Choi

P'o-Un (Po-Eun)

ITF � (11) The Pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong Mong-Chu (1400) who was a famous poet. Every Korean knows the poem �I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times�. He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram (�) represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty.

Similar enough to Nai Ahn Chi Cho Dan Hyung to be a cousin, if not a sibling.

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Sam-Jl (Sam-IL)

ITF � (16) Historical date of the Korean Independence movement (March 1, 1919). The 33 movements symbolize the 33 patriots who planned the movement.

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Se-Jong

ITF � (19) Name of the greatest Korean King Se-Jong who invented the Korean alphabet in 1443. The diagram (Z) represents the king, while the 24 movements refer to the 24 letters of the Korean alphabet.

 

ITF Gen. Choi

So-San

ITF � Pseudonym of the great monk Choi Hyong Ung (1520-1604) from the Lee Dynasty. The 72 movements refer to his age when he, and his pupil Sa Myung Dang, organized a corps of monk soldiers. The monk soldiers helped defend against the Japanese pirates who overran most of the Korean peninsula in 1592.

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Tam-Gum (Dan-Gun)

ITF � (2) Named after the Holy Dan-Gun the legendary founder of Korea in 2333 BC

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Tol-Gye (Toi-Gye)

ITF � (7) The Pen name of the noted Scholar Yi Hwang (16th century) who was an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on the 37th latitude, the diagram (~) represents "scholar".

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Tong-Il

ITF � (20) Denotes the resolution of the unification of Korea. The diagram (I) symbolizes the homogenous race.

 

ITF Gen. Choi

To-San (Do-San)

ITF � (3) The Pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938). The 24 movements represent his entire life that he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Ul-Ji

ITF � (15) Named after General Ul-Ji Moon Dok 612 AD who defended Korea against a Tang�s invasion force of nearly one million soldiers led by Yang Je in 612 A.D. Ul-Ji employing hit and run guerilla tactics, was able to decimate a large percentage of the force. The diagram ( L) represents his surname. The 42 movements represents the author�s age when he designed the pattern

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Wan Jun

ITF � Pursuit of Excellence

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Won-Hyo

ITF � (4) The Monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in 686 AD.

Very Similar to Pyung Ahn Ee Dan, enough so to be a cousin if not a sibling.

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Yon-Gae

ITF � Named after General Yon Gae Somoon 649 AD Koguryo Dynasty. The 49 movements refer to the last two figures of 649 A. D., the Year he forced the Tang Dynasty to quit Korea after destroying nearly 300,000 of their troops at Ansi Sung.

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Yul-Kok (Yul-Gok)

ITF � (5) The Pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi I (1536-1584) (the Confucius of Korea). The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38� latitude and the diagram (~) represents "scholar".

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Yu-Sin (Yoo-Sin)

ITF � (13) Named after General Kim Yoo Sin from the Silla Dynasty. The 68 movements refer to the last two numbers of 668 A. D., the year Korea was united as a country. The ready posture signifies a sword drawn on the right rather than left side, symbolizing Yoo Sin�s mistake of following his king�s orders to fight with foreign forces against his own nation.

 

ITF Gen. Choi

Hwarang

ITF � (8) Named after the Hwa-Rang Youth group in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity.

 

ITF Han Cha Kyo

Beethoven's 5th

Beethoven's 5th

 

Jhoon Rhee

Chosan

Ancestor

 

Jhoon Rhee

Exodus

Exodus

 

Jhoon Rhee

Granada

Granada

 

Jhoon Rhee

Hangook

Done To The Korean National Anthem

 

Jhoon Rhee

Jayoo

Freedom

 

Jhoon Rhee

Jung Hee

Justice

 

Jhoon Rhee

Kamsah

Appreciation

 

Jhoon Rhee

Meegok

America

 

Jhoon Rhee

Pyung Fa

Peace

 

Jhoon Rhee

Chung Bong 1

Tae Kwon Do - Song Moo Kwan Form

 

SMK

Chung Bong 2

Tae Kwon Do - Song Moo Kwan Form

 

SMK

Chung Bong 3

Tae Kwon Do - Song Moo Kwan Form

 

SMK

Chung Bong 4

Tae Kwon Do - Song Moo Kwan Form

 

SMK

Chung Bong 5

Tae Kwon Do - Song Moo Kwan Form

 

SMK

Chung Bong 6

Tae Kwon Do - Song Moo Kwan Form

 

SMK

Chung Bong 7

Tae Kwon Do - Song Moo Kwan Form

 

SMK

Cheonkwon (Chun Kwon)

WTF BLACK BELT POOMSE 7 - The word means "sky" or "heaven"; that which rules the universe. The vast sky is infinite and mysterious - it gives rise to the human imagination. The movements of this poomse are full of both piety and vitality since, as earthbound, we look to the sky.

 

WTF

Hansoo (Han Soo)

WTF BLACK BELT POOMSE 8 - Water is the essence of life. From a single drop it forms streams, rivers, and oceans. It can be serene or wild, strong or soft. Its fluid power is persistent, yet it takes the shape of its vessel. Hansoo means water and its movement is fluid and forceful, like that for which it is named.

 

WTF

Ilyo (Ill Yo)

WTF BLACK BELT POOMSE 9 - Ilyo is the Korean word for "oneness with the universe" (the Hindi equivalent is nirvana). It is a Buddhist concept that is achieved when someone�s body, mind, and spirit become one. It can only be reached when all worldly desires have been discarded.

 

WTF

Jitae (Ji Tae)

WTF BLACK BELT POOMSE 6 - Jitae is the earth, from which all life springs and then returns. All natural phenomena originates from the earth and, it�s these properties that apply to this poomse. The movements of Jitae are a harmonious blend of implicitly welling power and strong muscles. It represents the vigor of life.

 

WTF

Keumgang (Kumkang)

WTF BLACK BELT POOMSE 2 - The original meaning of the word is that which is "too strong to be broken." In Buddhism it further means, "what can break off every agony of mind, with the combination of wisdom and virtue." Diamonds are the hardest substance known, and the Korean word for diamond is keumgang-seok. The most beautiful mountain in Korea�s Taebaek range is called Keumgang-san. In Taekwondo keumgang stands for movement that is based on spiritual strength; that is both as beautiful and majestic as the diamond mountain, and as strong as diamonds.

 

WTF

Koryo

WTF BLACK BELT POOMSE 1 - The English word Korea comes from the ancient dynasty called Koryo. The people of Koryo were known for great fortitude and they persistently defeated the Mongolian hordes that swept over most of the known world of that time. Koryo embodies the spirit of strong conviction.

 

WTF

Pal-Gwe Chil Jang

WTF - Tae Kwon Do (Pal Gwe form 7)

 

WTF

Pal-Gwe Ee Jang

WTF - Tae Kwon Do (Pal Gwe form 2)

 

WTF

Pal-Gwe Il Jang

WTF - Tae Kwon Do (Pal Gwe form 1)

 

WTF

Pal-Gwe Oh Jang

WTF - Tae Kwon Do (Pal Gwe form 5)

 

WTF

Pal-Gwe Pal Jang

WTF - Tae Kwon Do (Pal Gwe form 8)

 

WTF

Pal-Gwe Sa

WTF - Tae Kwon Do (Pal Gwe form 4)

 

WTF

Pal-Gwe Sam

WTF - Tae Kwon Do (Pal Gwe form 3)

 

WTF

Pal-Gwe Yuk

WTF - Tae Kwon Do (Pal Gwe form 6)

 

WTF

Pyeongwon (Pyung Won)

WTF BLACK BELT POOMSE 4 - In Korea, Pyongwon is a great plain and an area of agriculture. This fertile land provides the people with sustenance. Like the Great Plains of the U.S., it is their "breadbasket". This great land, which stretches out endlessly before the eye, is a vision of majesty. Pyongwon expresses potential strength and flexibility. It represents the majestic spirit of the great plain, which is its namesake.

 

WTF

Sipjin (Ship Jin)

WTF BLACK BELT POOMSE 5 - The Korean decimal system is known as Sipjin. It is the measure of 10�s. It is symbolic for endless development and growth. Since it stands for disciplined change, the form requires stability in every movement. The plus sign, which is its "line and direction of movement" is also the Chinese character that means 10.

 

WTF

Taebaek (Taebek)

WTF BLACK BELT POOMSE 3 - The Taebaek mountain range is the backbone of Korea, and its tallest mountain, Baekdoo is regarded as the country�s symbol. The principals involved with this form dictate that it should be performed with precision, grace, and a determined will. The word Taebaek can also mean being looked up to as sacred.

 

WTF

Taegeuk

WTF Tae Kwon Do Form Group name - Beginning Eternity.

 

WTF

Taegeuk Chi Jang

WTF - Tae Kwon Do Form (TaeGuek form 7) - Gan - Top

 

WTF

Taegeuk Ee Jang

WTF - Tae Kwon Do Form (TaeGuek form 2) - Tae - Joy

 

WTF

Taegeuk Il Jang

WTF - Tae Kwon Do Form (TaeGuek form 1) - Kuen (Um (yin))

 

WTF

Taegeuk Oh Jang

WTF - Tae Kwon Do Form (TaeGuek form 5) � Sean � Wind

 

WTF

Taegeuk Pal Jang

WTF - Tae Kwon Do Form (TaeGuek form 8) - Gon - Yang

 

WTF

Taegeuk Sa Jang

WTF - Tae Kwon Do Form (TaeGuek form 4) - Jin - Thunder

 

WTF

Taegeuk Sam Jang

WTF - Tae Kwon Do Form (TaeGuek form 3) - Ri - Fire and/or Sun

 

WTF

Taegeuk Yuk Jang

WTF - Tae Kwon Do Form (TaeGuek form 6) - Gam - Water

 

WTF

NAM SEO HYUNG

This 43-step "Pattern of the Southwest" combines hard and soft movements. It is the highest form in the Nam Seo Kwan system and is required for Fourth Degree Black Belt.

 

Keith Yates founder of Nam Seo Kwan system

NINE STEP BLOCK

The first pattern learned by new white belts incorporates the four directional blocking techniques.

 

Keith Yates founder of Nam Seo Kwan system

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hapkido / Kuk Sool Won

Name Meaning

Creation Date

Created By

Cho Ko Pan Hyung

HapKiDo

 

Master Ik Jo Kang

Chun-Ki

HapKiDo

 

 

Gee-Ki

HapKiDo

 

 

Ki-Hap

HapKiDo

 

 

Nae-Ki

HapKiDo

 

 

Wai-Ki

HapKiDo

 

 

Sohm Pae Gee

Kuk Sool Won

 

 

Ki Bon Soo

Kuk Sool Won

 

 

Sohn Mahk Soo

Kuk Sool Won

 

 

Eue Bahk Soo

Kuk Sool Won

 

 

Gicho

Kuk Sool Won

 

 

Chogeup

Kuk Sool Won

 

 

Joonggeup

Kuk Sool Won

 

 

Gogeup

Kuk Sool Won

 

 

Daegeup

Kuk Sool Won

 

 

Geummoo

Kuk Sool Won

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Martial Arts

Name Meaning

 

 

Taekukkwon

Taijiquan or Tai Chi Chuan

 

 

Palgwejang

Baguazhang or Pa qua

 

 

Hyung Ui Kwon

Xingyiquan or Hsing I Chuan

 

 

Joong Kuk Moo Sool

Chinese martial arts or generally labeled Wu Shu

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Latest Changes branch to Changes

Books and Articles used to create this cross reference and the individual form Details Bibliography


Martial Arts Form Cross Reference @2001 (updated 2012-05-18) David Hacker davidhacker@verizon.net